The Red Fort of Delhi is the great iconic monument of India. It is famous for its history, beauty & unique architecture. Today this amazing monument is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Red Fort of Delhi is the most popular tourist place in Delhi, which is visited by a large number of tourists throughout the year.
About Red Fort Information
- open days: Tue. to Sun. (Closing day: Monday)
- Red Fort timing/Red Fort timings: 9.30 am to 4.30 pm
- Red Fort ticket rate: ₹35/ Indian & 500/ foreigner
- Location: Netaji Subhash Road, Chandni Chowk.
- Nearest metro station: Chandni Chowk metro station
- Time required to complete visit: 2-3 hrs
- Best time to visit: from October to March.
- Phone no. – 011 2327 7705
Top 19 Interesting Things to see in the Red Fort of Delhi complex/Lal Qila Complex
These main historical buildings inside the Red Fort complex represent the architectural and historical importance of Mughal emperors. Visitors should definitely see them once during the Red Fort tour for its historical as well as cultural importance.
01. Lahore Gate/Lahori Gate:
The common tourist enters the Red Fort from this gate.
Lahori Gate is one of the main attractions of the Red Fort. This gate was named Lahori Gate because it is facing towards Lahore city of Pakistan.
Mughal emperor Shah Jahan gave it the title of “a beautiful woman’s face” because of its adorable beauty.
Let me tell you that Indian first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the national flag on 15 August here, after independence. Since that, the Prime Minister of the country hoists the flag over Lahore Gate every year on August 15.
02. Delhi Gate/Dilli Gate:
VIP and VVIP people enter through this gate.
The Delhi Gate of the Red Fort also attracts the attention of tourists due to its attractiveness and beauty. Delhi gate is located on the south side of the fort.
03. Chaabari Bazar:
Nowadays, This market is the first choice of the tourists.
04. Chatta Chowk:
The Chatta Chowk is a long passageway that contains a market, known as Chaabari Bazar. In the time of the Mughals, here precious jewels and clothes were sold.
05. Naubat Khana:
Naubat Khana is one of the major historical structures inside the red fort. It was primarily designed for musicians.
It was the royal court of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. All the main decisions were taken here.
In this memorial, white marble stones have been used along with magnificent carvings and decorative decorations.
07. Mumtaj Mahal:
Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan named this palace after the name of his beloved Begum Mumtaz Mahal.
White marble has also been used in its construction, like the Taj Mahal. It has beautiful and attractive floral motifs on its beautiful walls and pillars.
Earlier Archaeological Museum was located in Naubat Khana, but later it was shifted to Mumtaz Mahal.
08. Rang Mahal:
Dandy Mughal ruler Shah Jahan built this Rang Mahar for his beautiful queens and concubines.
Rang Mahal is very beautifully carved. Everyone praises it for its grandeur and beauty.
A canal has also been constructed in the middle of this Rang Mahal. In which water was supplied by river Yamuna. The cool water of the canal controlled the temperature of the Rang Mahal in summer.
09. Khas Mahal:
The Khas Mahal built inside this historic building considered to be the pride of India. It was formerly the personal residence of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
The Khas Mahal is very beautifully carved. It is beautifully decorated with white marble stones and floral designs.
It was the bedroom of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The walls of Deewan-e-Khas were studded with precious stones and gems.
The Hamam built inside the Red Fort is one such historical monument, where the royal bath was taken by the emperors. This building was used for the royal bath in which rose water was used for bathing.
This bathroom was designed with beautiful white marble stones.
12. Moti Masjid:
Aurangzeb, son of the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan, built the Moti-Masjid as his personal mosque, where he used to offer his daily prayers.
This amazing royal mosque is decorated with many small domes and arches. This Moti Masjid enhances the beauty of the fort.
13. Heera Mahal:
It was built by Bahadur Shah II. Valuable things were kept hidden in this palace.
14. Drishyakala Museum:
Sound and light shows are organized in the Drishyakala museum every evening. The history of the Mughal dynasty is told through this light show and sound show. Every visitor must visit this Drishyakala museum to understand Indian history through light show.
This light show is a special attraction for the tourist. The viewer has to pay a fee of Rs 50/ to watch this light show.
15. Netaji Subhas Museum:
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose museum will be inaugurated by PM Narendra Modi on 23 January 2019 on the occasion of the 123rd birth anniversary of Subhas Chandra Bose. It is a three-storeyed museum.
16. Yaad-e-Jallian museum:
PM Modi also unveiled the ‘Yaad-e-Jallian’ museum inside the Red Fort complex. Yaad-e-Jallian museum will take the visitors through the history of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre of 1919. It will also showcase the heroism, sacrifices, and valor of Indian soldiers during World War-1.
17. Museum of 1857:
This museum is dedicated to the freedom fighters of 1857.
18. Azadi ke diwane Museum:
Union Minister Mahesh Sharma on 4 March 2019, inaugurated the ‘Azaadi Ke Diwane’ museum.
This museum is dedicated to the unsung heroes of the country’s freedom fighters. This museum will inspire the younger generation. The Museum pays homage to hundreds of freedom fighters
19. Archaeological Museum:
Visitors, especially kids should also see this Archaeological Museum. Earlier it was located in Naubat Khana. Later it was shifted to Mumtaz Mahal.
Archaeological Museum is the showcase of Mughal culture through exquisite pieces of art.
Top 5 Places to Visit near Red Fort of Delhi
1- Jama Masjid (1.0 km): via Jama Masjid Rd
2- India Gate (5.8 km): via Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg
3- Humayun’s Tomb (7.2 km): via Dr Zakir Hussain Marg
4- Jahanpanah Fort (15.2 km): via Sri Aurobindo Marg
5- Qutub Minar (16.0 km): via Sri Aurobindo Marg
History of Red Fort
The history of Red Fort Delhi starts at the time of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan.
This grand Red Fort was built by the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan. Its construction took a total of 9 years, which was constructed between May 1639 and April 1648.
During that time, about 1 crore rupees were spent in building the fort. It was the most magnificent and expensive fort at that time. The construction of this fort has beautifully carved Mughal architecture. The ancient name of the Red Fort was “Qila-e-Mubarak”.
The fort is Spread over a circumference of about one and a half kilometers. The fort is surrounded by a 30 meters high stone wall. It was built by red sandstone, hence it was named Red Fort.
This magnificent fort is situated in the center of Delhi on the banks of river Yamuna. It is one of the best forts in the world included in the list of World Heritage.
In the 17th century, when the Red Fort was occupied by Jahandar Shah, the Fort remained without a ruler for nearly 30 years. After this, Nadir Shah ruled the Red Fort and then Sikhs also ruled this grand fort for a few days.
In the 18th century, the British occupied this Fort. After India’s independence, the country’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru gave his message to the country by hoisting the tricolor on it.
After independence, the Fort was used for military training. Later it became famous as a major tourist destination.
The Red Fort was included in the World Heritage List in 2007 due to its attractiveness and grandeur. Today people from every corner of the world go to Delhi to see its beauty.
This is the complete and brief history of Red Fort.
Facts about Red Fort of Delhi
1- Famous for: History, beauty & architecture
2- Importance: Every year on 15 August, the Prime Minister hoists the national flag at the Red Fort.
3- Status: World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2007
4- Shape of red Fort: Octagonal
5- Total covered area: Spread over 256 acres
6- Total no. of main gates: 2 gates, Delhi Gate & Lahore Gate
7- Main entry gate: Lahore gate
Frequently Asked Questions About Red Fort
The Red Fort of Delhi was built by Mughal ruler Shah Jahan.
The Red Fort of Delhi was built in 1648 AD.
“Red fort of New Delhi” is situated in the center of Delhi on the banks of river Yamuna.
9.30 am to 4.30 pm, from Tue. to Sunday.
The nearest metro station to Red Fort Delhi is Chandni Chowk Metro Station.
Red Fort ticket rate is, ₹35/ Indian & 500/ foreigner